Agent Name

3-Cyanopyridine

Alternative Name

3-Pyridinecarbonitrile

CAS Number

100-54-9

Formula

C6-H4-N2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3-Pyridinecarbonitrile; 3-Azabenzonitrile; 3-Cyjanopirydyna [Polish]; 3-Pyridinecarboxylic acid, nitrile; 3-Pyridinenitrile; Nicotinic acid nitrile; Nicotinonitrile; Nitryl kwasu nikotynowego [Polish]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley] Off-white crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used for organic synthesis; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritant; Emergency treatment: "Pyridine"; Pyridine is an irritant that causes CNS depression after ingestion of 1/2 cup or inhalation of 6-12 ppm; It can cause liver and kidney injury; [HSDB] Causes respiratory depression and liver changes in lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] An irritant; Harmful if swallowed; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "m-Phthalodinitrile."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.29 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 87 deg C; [eChemPortal: IUCLID]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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