Agent Name

3-Trichlorosilylpropionitrile

CAS Number

1071-22-3

Formula

C3-H4-Cl3-N-Si

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

2-Cyanoethyltrichlorosilane; 3-(Trichlorosilyl)propanenitrile; Propanenitrile, 3-(trichlorosilyl)-; Propionitrile, 3-(trichlorosilyl)-; Silane, (2-cyanoethyl)trichloro-; Trichlor-2-kyanethylsilan [Czech]; Trichloro(2-cyanoethyl)silane; beta-Cyanoethyltrichlorosilane; [ChemIDplus] UN2987

Category

Chlorosilanes

Description

Deep yellow solidified mass or fragments; mp = 35 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Comments

Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema; [MSDSonline] Chlorosilanes evolve hydrogen chloride when spilled in water; [ERG 2016]

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Chlorosilanes, corrosive, n.o.s." Not TIH in land-based spills, but TiH substance released when spilled in water; [ERG 2016]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

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