Agent Name

4-Pentenenitrile

CAS Number

592-51-8

Formula

C5-H7-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3-Butenyl cyanide; 4-Cyano-1-butene; 4-Pentenoic acid, nitrile; 4-Pentenonitrile; Allylacetonitrile; Allylmethyl cyanide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Description

Slightly yellow clear liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an unisolated chemical intermediate in the production of adiponitrile; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Isobutyronitrile"; Isobutyronitrile releases cyanide after being absorbed into the body; Causes liver injury in animal studies; [HSDB] Causes respiratory depression and changes to the liver in lethal dose studies of rats; [RTECS] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

6.36 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 2,550 ppm/4h

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.