Agent Name

Abrin

CAS Number

1393-62-0

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Abrins; Abrus precatorius, seeds; Agglutinin; Crab's Eyes; Indian licorice seed; Jumble bead; Prayer bead; Toxalbumin; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Yellowish-white solid; [Merck Index] The seed is red with a black spot at one end; [Reference #1]

Sources/Uses

A natural poison found in the seeds of Abrus precatorius (the rosary pea or jequirity pea); Similar, but much more toxic than ricin; On the list of toxins having the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety (Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002); Used experimentally in cancer research; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause pulmonary edema; Emergency treatment: "Plants-toxalbumins"; [HSDB] Adverse effects after ingestion include vomiting, diarrhea, severe dehydration, hallucinations, seizures, and injury to the liver and kidneys; [Reference #1] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Ricin."

Reference Link

CDC | Facts About Abrin

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.