Agent Name

(Acetyloxy)acetonitrile

CAS Number

1001-55-4

Formula

C4-H5-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Acetoxyacetonitrile; Acetic acid cyanomethyl ester; Acetonitrile, (acetyloxy)-; Acetoxyacetonitrile; Acetyloxyacetonitrile; Cyanomethyl acetate; Glycolonitrile, acetate; Glycolonitrile, acetate (ester); Kyanmethylester kyseliny octove [Czech]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitriles

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in the production of pharmaceuticals and as a component of synthetic resins; [HSDB]

Comments

Highly toxic by all routes; Emergency treatment: "Acetonitrile"; Acetonitrile can cause delayed onset (2-13 hours) cyanide poisoning; [HSDB] See "NITRILES."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.36 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 16 ppm/4h

Adverse Effects
Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: