Agent Name

2,4,6-Trinitrobenzoic acid

CAS Number

129-66-8

Formula

C7-H3-N3-O8

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Benzoic acid, 2,4,6-trinitro-; Benzoic acid, trinitro- (dry); Benzoic acid, trinitro- (wet); Sym-trinitrobenzoic acid; Trinitrobenzoic acid; Trinitrobenzoic acid (VAN); s-Trinitrobenzoic acid; [ChemIDplus] 1-Carboxy-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene; [Merck Index] TNBA; [CAMEO] 2,4,6-TNBA; [RTECS] UN0215 (dry or wetted with <30% water, by mass); UN1355 (wetted with not <30% water, by mass)

Category

Nitrobenzoic Acids

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] Off-white crystalline solid; [Chem Service MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a pH indicator, intermediate for CI developer 19 (phloroglucinol), and in explosive compositions; [HSDB]

Comments

Explodes by heat or shock; [Hawley] May cause burns to skin and eyes; [CAMEO] An irritant; May cause blood disorders and injury to liver, kidney, and nervous system; [Chem Service MSDS] See "2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

7.09E-9 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Trinitrobenzoic acid, wetted with not less than 30% water, by mass."

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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