Agent Name

3-Mercaptopropionic acid

CAS Number

107-96-0

Formula

C3-H6-O2-S

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Mercaptoethanecarboxylic acid; 3-Mercaptopropanoic acid; 3-Mercaptopropionate; 3-Thiopropanoic acid; 3-Thiopropionic acid; 3MPA; Hydracrylic acid, 3-thio-; Propanoic acid, 3-mercapto-; Propionic acid, 3-mercpato-; beta-Mercaptopropanoic acid; beta-Mercaptopropionic acid; beta-Thiopropionic acid.; [ChemIDplus] UN2922

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Clear liquid or solid; [HSDB] Colorless liquid with a stench; mp = 17-19 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a stabilizer, antioxidant, catalyst, chemical intermediate, and experimental convulsant agent; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: irritants; [HSDB] "An inhibitor of glutamate decarboxylase. It decreases the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID concentration in the brain, thereby causing convulsions." [ChemIDplus] A skin irritant; [HSDB] Causes cleft palate in mice at maternally toxic doses (maternal seizures); [REPROTOX] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.04 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 93 deg C; [CHEMINFO] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive liquid, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.