Agent Name

3-Nitrobenzoic acid

CAS Number

121-92-6

Formula

C7-H5-N-O4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Benzoic acid, 3-nitro-; Benzoic acid, m-nitro-; Metanitrobenzoic acid; m-Nitrobenzenecarboxylic acid; m-Nitrobenzoic acid; meta-Nitrobenzoic acid; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitrobenzoic Acids

Description

Yellowish-white solid; [Hawley] Light yellow or off-white powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a dye intermediate; as a reagent for alkaloids and thorium; in the manufacture of intermediates; in the preparation of 5-amino-2-hydroxy benzoic acid; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; May cause corneal damage; Can induce methemoglobinemia; May cause sensitization after prolonged contact; [CAMEO] A reproductive toxin in diet of mice at 0.75% and higher levels; [NTP] In animal experiments, causes reproductive, blood (methemoglobinemia), liver, and neurological effects; [RTECS] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions and methemoglobinemia; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.71E-5 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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