Agent Name

4-Nitrobenzoic acid

CAS Number

62-23-7

Formula

C7-H5-N-O4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1-Carboxy-4-nitrobenzene; 4-Nitrodracylic acid; Kyselina p-nitrobenzoova [Czech]; Nitrodracylic acid; p-Nitrobenzenecarboxylic acid; p-Nitrobenzoic acid; Benzoic acid, 4-nitro-; Benzoic acid, p-nitro-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Nitrobenzoic Acids

Description

Yellowish-white solid; [Hawley] Yellow crystalline powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a reagent for alkaloids and thorium and in the production of pharmaceuticals and dyes; [HSDB] Used for organic synthesis; [Hawley]

Comments

A skin, eye, mucous membrane, and upper respiratory tract irritant; [CAMEO] No significant increase in tumors in animal feeding studies; [NTP] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include convulsions, methemoglobinemia, and acute tubular necrosis; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

Vapor Pressure

2.53E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 202 deg C; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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