Agent Name

Aconitic acid

CAS Number

499-12-7

Formula

C6-H6-O6

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1-Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid; 2-Pentenedioic acid, 3-carboxy-; 3-Carboxy-2-pentenedioic acid; 3-Carboxyglutaconic acid; Achilleaic acid; Achilleic acid; Citridic acid; Citridinic acid; Equisetic acid; Glutaconic acid, 3-carboxy-; Propene-1,2,3-tricarboxylic acid; Pyrocitric acid; 1,2,3-Propenetricarboxylic acid; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

White to yellowish solid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Naturally present in the leaves and tubers of beet root, sugar cane, and other plants; Used as a plasticizer for buna rubber and plastics and to make itaconic acid;; [Merck Index] Used as a flavor, antioxidant, and in the preparation of plasticizers and wetting agents; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: non-toxic ingestion; Generally regarded as safe (GRAS) in food; [HSDB] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA]

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