Agent Name

1-Pentanol

CAS Number

71-41-0

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Pentyl alcohol; Alcool amylique [French]; Amyl alcohol; Amyl alcohol (natural); Amyl alcohol, normal; Amylol; Butyl carbinol; Butylcarbinol; N-Amyl alcohol; Pentanol; Pentanol (VAN); Pentanol-1; Pentasol; Pentyl alcohol; Petan-1-ol; Primary amyl alcohol; n-Amyl alcohol; n-Amylalkohol [Czech]; n-Butylcarbinol; n-Pentan-1-ol; n-Pentyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1105

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent (resins, gums, petroleum additives, synthetic flavors, hydraulic fluids), intermediate, lubricant, ore-flotation agent, plasticizer, corrosion inhibitor, and antioxidant; [HSDB] Occurs naturally in many foods; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [ICSC] Vapor can cause lacrimation, but no significant corneal injury; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

20 ppm

WEEL

100 ppm

Vapor Pressure

2.2 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.12 ppm

Odor Threshold High

20.03 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 14,000 mg/m3/6h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 38 deg C; [Merck Index] Odor threshold low = 0.4332 mg/m3; Odor high = 72.2 mg/m3; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Pentanols."

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: