Agent Name

1-Pentanol

CAS Number

71-41-0

Formula

C5-H12-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Pentyl alcohol; Alcool amylique [French]; Amyl alcohol; Amyl alcohol (natural); Amyl alcohol, normal; Amylol; Butyl carbinol; Butylcarbinol; N-Amyl alcohol; Pentanol; Pentanol (VAN); Pentanol-1; Pentasol; Pentyl alcohol; Petan-1-ol; Primary amyl alcohol; n-Amyl alcohol; n-Amylalkohol [Czech]; n-Butylcarbinol; n-Pentan-1-ol; n-Pentyl alcohol; [ChemIDplus] UN1105

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent (resins, gums, petroleum additives, synthetic flavors, hydraulic fluids), intermediate, lubricant, ore-flotation agent, plasticizer, corrosion inhibitor, and antioxidant; [HSDB] Occurs naturally in many foods; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [ICSC] Vapor can cause lacrimation, but no significant corneal injury; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

20 ppm

WEEL

100 ppm

Vapor Pressure

2.2 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.12 ppm

Odor Threshold High

20.03 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 14,000 mg/m3/6h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 38 deg C; [Merck Index] Odor threshold low = 0.4332 mg/m3; Odor high = 72.2 mg/m3; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Pentanols."

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: