Agent Name

Allyl sulfide

CAS Number

592-88-1

Formula

C6-H10-S

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Propenyl sulphide; 3,3'-Thiobis(1-propene); Allyl monosulfide; Diallyl monosulfide; Diallyl sulfide; Diallyl thioether; Oil garlic; Thioallyl ether; [ChemIDplus] UN1993

Category

Sulfur Compounds

Description

Colorless liquid with a garlic odor; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

A component of artificial oil of garlic; [Hawley] Used in flavor manufacturing; [Merck Index] Constitutes 8.9% of diallyl disulfides (DADs) which is 90% active ingredient of biopesticide used to control white rot (fungal pathogen) in onions, garlic, and leeks; DADs are volatile sulfur compounds found in garlic, onions, and other members of Allium species; [EPA]

Comments

One of the volatiles in onions responsible for lacrimation; Emergency treatment: Plants-Allium Species; [HSDB] One of the allergens in garlic; [Kanerva, p. 1747] Diallyl disulfides (DADs): A moderate eye and strong skin irritant in rabbits; A skin sensitizer in guinea pigs using the Buehler method; Causes breathing abnormalities, wobbly gait, and decreased activity in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; Oral LD50 (rat) = 346 mg/kg; Dermal LD50 (rat) = 1,967 mg/kg; [EPA] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

9.22 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 46.11 deg C; [eChemPortal: ERMA] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable liquid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: