Agent Name

1-Chloro-1-nitropropane

CAS Number

600-25-9

Formula

C3-H6-Cl-N-O2

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

Chloronitropropane; Propane, 1-chloro-1-nitro-; [ChemIDplus] Korax; [ACGIH]

Category

Fungicides

Description

Colorless liquid with an unpleasant odor. [fungicide]; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Has been used as a rubber cement additive; formerly used in the USA as a fungicide; [ACGIH]

Comments

1-Chloro-1-nitropropane causes pulmonary edema, liver injury, and death in animals exposed to high concentrations. "A 6-hour inhalation exposure of 393 ppm killed one of two rabbits, but neither of two exposed guinea pigs died." TLV Basis is eye irritation, upper respiratory tract irritation and pulmonary edema; [ACGIH] A lachrymator; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

2 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

20 ppm

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 ppm

Vapor Pressure

6 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rabbits) = 2,000 mg/m3/6h

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: