Agent Name

Aluminum fluoride

CAS Number

7784-18-1

Formula

Al-F3

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Aluminium fluorure [French]; Aluminum trifluoride; Fluorid hlinity [Czech]; [ChemIDplus] UN1759

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White solid; [Hawley] Hygroscopic; [ICSC] Odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in ceramics; as flux in metallurgy, ceramic glazes, and enamels; in aluminum manufacture (to lower the melting point and increase the conductivity of the electrolyte); as inhibitor of fermentation; as catalyst in organic reactions; in the manufacture of aluminum silicate; [HSDB]

Comments

A severe eye irritant; A respiratory tract irritant; [HSDB] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; "Repeated or prolonged inhalation exposure may cause asthma. The substance may have effects on the bone, nervous system, resulting in bone alterations (fluorosis), and nervous system impairment." [ICSC] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "FLUORIDES."

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Fluorides in urine = 2 mg/L prior to shift or 3 mg/L at end of shift; (Repeated measurements recommended.)

TLV (ACGIH)

2.5 mg/m3, as F

PEL (OSHA)

2.5 mg/m3, as F

MAK

1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as F

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mm Hg at 1238 deg C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

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