Agent Name

Ammonium bicarbonate

CAS Number

1066-33-7

Formula

C-H2-O3.H3-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Acid ammonium carbonate; Ammonium acid carbonate; Ammonium hydrogen carbonate; Ammonium hydrogencarbonat; Carbonic acid, monoammonium salt; Monoammonium carbonate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Ammonium Compounds

Description

Colorless or white solid with a faint odor of ammonia; [Merck Index] White crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in baking powder, cooling baths, fire extinguishers, scale and gypsum removing agents, cold wave solutions, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals (antacids, stimulants, and expectorants); Also used in chrome leather tanning and as a blowing agent for foam rubber, a leavening agent for baked goods, a defatting agent for textiles, a compost heap additive, and in manufacturing (porous plastics, ceramics, ammonium salts, dyes, and pigments); [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Emergency treatment: "Ammonia"; [HSDB] Decomposes on warming above 35 deg C producing ammonia fumes; An eye and respiratory tract irritant; [CAMEO] May cause irritation; [MSDSonline] See "Ammonia."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

58.9 mm Hg

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