Agent Name

Anabasine

CAS Number

494-52-0

Formula

C10-H14-N2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(-)-2-(3'-Pyridyl)piperidine; (S)-3-(2-Piperidinyl)pyridine; 2-(3'-Pyridyl) piperidine; 3-(2-Piperidinyl)pyridine; Anabasin; Anabazin; L-3-(2'-Piperidyl)pyridine; Neonicotine; Neonikotin; Piperidine, 2-(3-pyridyl)-; Pyridine, 3-(2-piperidinyl)-, (S)-; Pyridine, 3-(2-piperidyl)-; S-(-)-Anabasine; [ChemIDplus] UN3140

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Colorless liquid; Darkens on exposure to air; [Hawley] Yellow liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an insecticide; No longer used in the US or the UK; The principal alkaloid of the plant Anabasis aphylla; [HSDB]

Comments

In high-dose animal studies, causes ataxia and convulsions; Oral LD50 (dog) = 50 mg/kg; [RTECS] Acute toxicity similar to that of nicotine and more severe in guinea pigs and rabbits; [HSDB] See "Nicotine."

Restricted

No longer used as a pesticide in the US or UK; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00301 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Alkaloids, liquid, n.o.s. (poisonous)."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: