Agent Name

Anthraquinone

CAS Number

84-65-1

Formula

C14-H8-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

9,10-Anthracenedione; 9,10-Anthrachinon [Czech]; 9,10-Anthraquinone; 9,10-Dioxoanthracene; Anthracene, 9,10-dihydro-9,10-dioxo-; Anthradione; Anthrapel; Corbit; Hoelite; Morkit; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Aromatic Ketones

Description

Light yellow or nearly colorless solid; [Merck Index] Yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate for dyes and pigments, an additive in Kraft pulp processing, a catalyst in vegetable oil processing, an accelerant in nickel electroplating, an additive in tire manufacturing, and a bird repellent; [HSDB]

Comments

May cause skin irritation and sensitization; [Merck Index] Toxic by ingestion; Found in certain plants, e.g., Rhamnus berries; A skin irritant; [HSDB] An irritant and possible skin sensitizer; [CAMEO] An irritant; [ICSC] No results for "84-65-1"[EC/RN Number] AND "dermatitis, allergic contact"[mesh]; [PubMed] Allergic dermatitis reported; [RTECS] Antraquuinone, insoluble in water and lipids, is biologically inert. [Ullmann] An irritant; [MSDSonline]

Reference Link

IARC 2012: Anthraquinone

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.16E-7 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 1,300 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 185 deg C; [Hawley]

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: