Agent Name

Antimony pentachloride

CAS Number

7647-18-9

Formula

Cl5-Sb

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Antimoine (pentachlorure d') [French]; Antimonio (pentacloruro di) [Italian]; Antimonpentachlorid [German]; Antimony chloride (SbCl5); Antimony perchloride; Antimony(V) chloride; Antimoonpentachloride [Dutch]; Pentachloroantimony; Pentachlorure d'antimoine [French]; Perchlorure d'antimoine [French]; [ChemIDplus] UN1730 (liquid); UN1731 (solutions);

Category

Metalloid Compounds (Antimony)

Description

Reddish-yellow liquid with an offensive odor; Hygroscopic; [Hawley] Colorless to yellow liquid; [Merck Index] Light orange liquid; mp = 2.8 deg C; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an organic catalyst and reagent (testing for alkaloids and cesium); [HSDB]

Comments

A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; May cause pulmonary edema; [HSDB] Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3, as Sb

Vapor Pressure

1 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 720 mg/m3/2h

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Other Information

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