Agent Name

Antimony potassium tartrate

CAS Number

28300-74-5

Formula

C8-H4-O12-Sb2.3H2-O.2K

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Antimonate (2-), bis(mu-(2,3-dihydroxybutanedioato(4-)-O1,O2,O3,O4))di-, dipotassium, trihydrate, stereoisomer; Antimonate(2)-, bis(mu-tartrato(4-))di-, dipotassium, trihydrate; Antimonate(2-), bis(mu-(2,3-dihydroxybutanedioato(4-)-O(sup 1),O(sup 2):O(sup 3),O(sup 4)))-di-, dipotassium, trihydrate, stereoisomer; Antimonyl potassium tartrate; Dipotassium bis(mu-(L-(+)-tartrato(4-)))diantimonate(2-) trihydrate; Emetique [French]; Potassium antimony tartrate; Potassium antimonyl d-tartrate; Potassium antimonyl tartrate; Potassium antimonyltartrate; Tartar emetic; Tartaric acid, antimony potassium salt; Tartarized antimony; Tartox; Tartrate antimonio-potassique [French]; Tartrated antimony; [ChemIDplus] UN1551

Category

Metalloid Compounds (Antimony)

Description

Transparent odorless solid; Efflorescing on exposure to air; Or white solid; [Hawley] Crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as mordant in the textile and leather industries, a pesticide (snails and insects), and a medication (schistosomicides and veterinary parasiticides) [HSDB]

Comments

When used as an IV medication, side effects included nervous complaints, cardiac arrhythmias, liver and kidney injury, and death; The minimum fatal dose for humans is 130 mg with a report of a survival after 15,000 mg; May produce pustular eruptions if applied to skin for long periods; Oral LD50 (mouse) = 600 mg/kg; [HSDB] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include acute renal failure and acute and hepatocellular necrosis; [MSDSonline] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3, as Sb

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: