Agent Name

Antimony trichloride

CAS Number

10025-91-9

Formula

Cl3-Sb

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Antimoine (trichlorure d') [French]; Antimonio (tricloruro di) [Italian]; Antimonous chloride; Antimontrichlorid [German]; Antimony butter; Antimony chloride; Antimony chloride (Sb2Cl6); Antimony chloride (SbCl3); Antimony trichloride (Sb2Cl6); Antimony(III) chloride; Antimoontrichlride [Dutch]; Butter of antimony; C.I. 77056; CI 77056; Caustic antimony; Chlorid antimonity [Czech]; Chlorure antimonieux [French]; Stibine, trichloro-; Trichlorostibine; Trichlorure d'antimoine [French]; [ChemIDplus] UN1733

Category

Metalloid Compounds (Antimony)

Description

Colorless solid; Very hygroscopic; [Hawley] Solution: Yellow to reddish-brown liquid; [Merck Index] Off-white crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a reagent for molecular weight determinations and identification of drugs and as a mordant, chlorinating agent, polymerization catalyst, hydrocracking agent (coal and heavy hydrocarbons), veterinary dehorning agent, and intermediate; [HSDB] Used to make antimony salts, pharmaceuticals, and fireproof textiles; [Hawley] Used for bronzing iron (especially gun barrels) and coloring zinc black, as a mordant for dyeing cloth and patent leather, and in manufacturing lakes and furniture polishes; [Merck Index]

Comments

A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Can cause pulmonary edema; May have adverse effects on the heart; [ICSC] Causes myocardial degeneration and death in feeding studies of rats for 10 days at 135 mg/kg; [HSDB] Reacts violently with water; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3, as Sb

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mm Hg at 49.2 deg C (sublimes); [HSDB]

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: