Agent Name

Antimony triiodide

CAS Number

7790-44-5

Formula

I3-Sb

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Antimon(III) iodid; Antimony iodide (SbI3); Antimony(III) Triiodide; Stibine, triiodo-; [ChemIDplus] UN1549

Category

Metalloid Compounds (Antimony)

Description

Ruby-red solid; Yellowish-green modifications also exist; [Merck Index] Red crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in medicine; [HSDB]

Comments

Symptoms of iodide poisoning are mucous membrane irritation, rhinorrhea, headache, and skin rash; Antimony compounds can cause injury to the liver, kidneys, heart, and lungs; [HSDB] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] See "Antimony" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb (0.01 ppm, inhalable fraction and vapor (iodides))

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Sb

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

VP = 1 mm Hg at 163.6 deg C; [HSDB] The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Antimony compound, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.