Agent Name

Coke oven emissions

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Synonyms vary depending upon the specific constituent.

Category

Exposures, PAH-Related

Sources/Uses

"Emissions released during the carbonization of bituminous coal for the production of coke." [NIOSH]

Comments

Increased risk of lung and bladder cancer; "The production of coke by the carbonization of bituminous coal leads to the release of chemically-complex emissions from coke ovens that include both gases and particulate matter of varying chemical composition. The emissions include coal tar pitch volatiles (e.g., particulate polycyclic organic matter [PPOM], polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons [PAHs], and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons [PNAs]), aromatic compounds (e.g., benzene and beta-naphthylamine), trace metals (e.g., arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, lead, and nickel), and gases (e.g., nitric oxides and sulfur dioxide)." [NIOSH Appendix to Pocket Guide]

Reference Link

Increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases in coke oven workers: interaction between occupational exposure and smoking.

Exposure Assessment
PEL (OSHA)

0.15 mg/m3, benzene-soluble fraction

Explanatory Notes

Carcinogen--No TLV;

Half Life

No reports found; [TDR, p. 386]

Adverse Effects
Chronic Bronchitis

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Human Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: