Agent Name

Auramine

CAS Number

492-80-8

Formula

C17-H21-N3

Major Category

Dyes

Synonyms

4,4'-(Imidocarbonyl)bis(N,N-dimethylaniline); 4,4'-Carbonimidoylbis(N,N-dimethylbenzenamine); 4,4'-Dimethylaminobenzophenonimide; Aniline, 4,4'-imidocarbonylbis(N,N-dimethyl-; Apyonine auramine base; Auramine (free base); Auramine N base; Auramine O base; Auramine OAF; Auramine OO; Auramine SS; Auramine base; Bis(p-dimethylaminophenyl)methyleneimine; Brilliant Oil Yellow; C.I. 41000B; C.I. Solvent Yellow 34; CI 41000B; CI Basic Yellow 2, free base; CI Solvent Yellow 34; Glauramine; Orient Oil Yellow 101; Tetramethyl-p-diamino-imido-benzophenone; Waxoline Yellow O; Yellow pyoctanine; Benzenamine, 4,4'-carbonimidoylbis(N,N-dimethyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN3077

Category

Di- and Triaryl Dyes

Description

Colorless or yellow solid; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used to dye food, smoke, paper, cardboard, textiles, leather, oils, waxes, alcoholic solvents, lacquers, pen inks, carbon papers, and typewriter ribbons; Also used as an antiseptic, fungicide, and to prepare solvent yellow 34; [HSDB]

Comments

May cause eye injury; Causes tumors in high-dose feeding studies of laboratory animals; [HSDB] Danger of cutaneous absorption; [MAK] See "Auramine Production."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.29E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Technical grade auramine is a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B); Manufacturing auramine, which involves exposure to other chemicals, was associated with increased bladder cancer (Group 1) in a study of UK workers who worked 1900-1950; [IARC]

Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: