Agent Name

Barium chloride

CAS Number

10361-37-2

Formula

Ba-Cl2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Ba 0108E; Barium dichloride; SBA 0108E; [ChemIDplus] UN1564

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless solid; [Hawley] White solid; [HSDB] White odorless solid; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to manufacture pigments, color lakes, glass, and mordant for acid dyes; for weighting and dyeing textile fabrics; in aluminum refining; as pesticide; as boiler compound for softening water; for tanning and finishing leather; in treating wool for stuffing mattresses; in lubrication oil additives; as an intermediate for barium salts; as intermediate for steel hardening compounds; in the production of magnesium metal; in chemical analysis; as 5% constituent of material ("ternary eutectic salt") effective in extinguishing fires of uranium and plutonium; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Effects of acute poisoning may include hypokalemia, cardiac arrhythmias, and death; [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Barium."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Ba

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Ba

MAK

0.5 mg/m3

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3, as Ba

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Barium compound, n.o.s."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: