Agent Name

Barium chromate

CAS Number

10294-40-3

Formula

Ba.Cr-H2-O4

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Barium chromate (1:1); Barium chromate(VI); Barium chromium oxide (BaCrO4); Baryta Yellow; C.I. 77103; C.I. Pigment Yellow 31; CI 77103; CI Pigment Ylllow 31; Chromic acid, barium salt (1:1); Lemon Yellow; Lemon chrome; Lwmon Yellow (inorganic pigment); Permanent Yellow; Pigment Yellow 31; Ultramarine Yellow; [ChemIDplus] UN1564

Category

Chromium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Yellow solid; [Merck Index] Yellow odorless powder; Insoluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a pigment (artists' colors and colorant in glass, ceramics, and porcelain), corrosion inhibitor (jointing pastes and metal primers); Also used in pyrotechnics, fuses, safety matches, ignition control devices, and high-temperature batteries; [HSDB] Used in corrosion-resistant paints; [Ullmann]

Comments

See "Chromium" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.0002 mg/m3, as Cr(VI), inhalable particulate matter

STEL (ACGIH)

0.0005 mg/m3, as Cr(VI), inhalable particulate matter

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cr(VI)

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Barium compound, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Human

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: