Agent Name

Barium nitrate

CAS Number

10022-31-8

Formula

N2-O6.Ba

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Barium dinitrate; Barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2); Barium(II) nitrate (1:2); Dusicnan barnaty [Czech]; Nitrate de baryum [French]; Nitrato barico [Spanish]; Nitric acid, barium salt; Nitrobarite; [ChemIDplus] UN1446

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless or white odorless solid; [HSDB] White odorless crystalline solid; Slightly soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to manufacture barium oxide (BaO2); in pyrotechnics for green fire; for green signal lights; in vacuum tube industry; for ceramic glazes; in electronics; as raw material for manufacture of neon sign lightings; in tracer bullets, primers, and detonators; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin, eye, nose, and throat irritant; [HSDB] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; "Exposure could cause hypokalemia, resulting in cardiac disorders and muscular disorders. Exposure may result in death." [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Barium." See "NITRATES and NITRITES."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 mg/m3, as Ba

PEL (OSHA)

0.5 mg/m3, as Ba

MAK

0.5 mg/m3, as Ba, inhalable fraction(soluble compds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

50 mg/m3, as Ba

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: