Agent Name

Benzyl mercaptan

CAS Number

100-53-8

Formula

C7-H8-S

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

(Mercaptomethyl)benzene; Benzenemethanethiol; Benzyl hydrosulfide; Benzylhydrosulfide; Benzylthiol; Methanethiol, phenyl-; Phenylmethanethiol; Phenylmethyl mercaptan; Thiobenzyl alcohol; Toluene, alpha-mercapto-; alpha-Mercaptotoluene; alpha-Toluenethiol; alpha-Toluolthiol; alpha-Tolyl mercaptan; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Thiols

Description

Cream to white solid; [Hawley] Colorless liquid; [Merck Index] Colorless liquid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an odorant, synthetic flavor, and to make pesticides; [HSDB] Used as a bacteriostat; [Hawley]

Comments

A lachrymator; A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause mild CNS depression; [CHEMINFO] Causes weakness, ataxia, and cyanosis in lethal inhalation studies of mice; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] An irritant; May have CNS effects; [MSDSonline] See "Thiols."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.47 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.0026 ppm

Odor Threshold High

0.04 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 235 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.