Agent Name

beta-Pinene

CAS Number

127-91-3

Formula

C10-H16

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

2(10)-Pinene; 2,2,6-Trimethylbicyclo(3.1.1)hept-2-ene; 6,6-Dimethyl-2-methylenebicyclo(3.1.1)heptane; 6,6-Dimethyl-2-methylenenorpinane; Bicyclo(3.1.1)heptane, 6,6-dimethyl-2-methylene-; Monoterpenes; Nopinen; Nopinene; PINENE, BETA; Pseudopinen; Pseudopinene; Rosemarel; Terebenthene; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Terpenes

Description

Colorless liquid with a turpentine-like odor; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a monomer for terpene resins, a substitute for alpha pinene and a chemical intermediate for fragrances and flavorings; [HSDB] A major constituent of turpentine along with alpha-Pinene and 3-Carene; [ACGIH]

Comments

"Turpentine and the monoterpenes (alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, 3-carene) are skin and mucous membrane irritants, and in high concentrations, are central nervous system (CNS) depressants." A dermal sensitizer; [ACGIH] A skin and mucous membrane irritant; Absorption of large doses may cause delirium, ataxia, and injury to the kidneys; [HSDB] A skin and mucous membrane irritant; Can be absorbed through skin; May cause kidney damage and CNS effects; [MSDSonline] See "Turpentine." See "TERPENES."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

No

TLV (ACGIH)

20 ppm

Vapor Pressure

2.93 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

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