Agent Name

Bis(isobutyl)aluminum chloride

CAS Number

1779-25-5

Formula

C8-H18-Al-Cl

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Alluminio diisobutil-monocloruro [Italian]; Aluminum, chlorobis(2-methylpropyl)-; Aluminum, chlorodiisobutyl-; Chlorobis(2-methylpropyl)aluminum; Chlorodiisobutylaluminum; Dibac; Diisobutylaluminum chloride; Diisobutylaluminum monochloride; Diisobutylchloroaluminum; [ChemIDplus] UN3052

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a polymerization catalyst; [HSDB] Organic aluminum compounds are "some of the most important, highest volume, highest value organometallic compounds in production." [Ullmann]

Comments

Aluminum alkyl halides release large amounts of HCl when spilled in water; [ERG 2012] Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases; Spontaneously flammable in air; A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may result in laryngeal edema and chemical pneumonitis; [MSDSonline] HCl released when spilled in water; [ERG] Organoaluminum compounds are corrosive; Harmful if absorbed through the skin or inhaled; The butyl alkyls and below are pyrophoric; Aluminum alkyls are eye irritants; [HSDB] Organic aluminum compounds can cause irritation or burns, depending upon concentration; [Ullmann] TLV withdrawn for aluminum alkyls because of inadequate toxicological data; [ACGIH] See "Aluminum." See "ORGANOMETALS."

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 67 ppm

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Aluminum alkyl halides."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: