Agent Name

Cadmium 2-ethylhexanoate

CAS Number

2420-98-6

Formula

C8-H16-O2.1/2Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium 2-ethylhexoate; Cadmium di-2-ethylhexylate; Cadmium ethylhexanoate; Hexanoic acid, 2-ethyl-, cadmium salt; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Yellowish paste; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used as a liquid heat stabilizer in plastics manufacturing and as a heat and light stabilizer for PVC; [HSDB] Used as a metallic soap to thicken oils and other organic liquids; Metallic soaps are also used as lubricants, releasing agents, drying agents, and additives to polyolefins and PVC; Decreasing use as PVC stabilizers because of toxicity; [Ullmann]

Comments

See "Cadmium" and the linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: