Agent Name

Cadmium acetate

CAS Number

543-90-8

Formula

C2-H4-O2.1/2Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Acetic acid, cadmium salt; Bis(acetoxy)cadmium; C.I. 77185; CI 77185; Cadmium diacetate; Cadmium ethanoate; Cadmium(II) acetate; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Colorless solid; [HSDB] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in iridescent glazes (porcelains and pottery), electroplating, colorants for glass and textiles, and as a reagent for chemical analysis; [HSDB] Used to produce acetates; [Hawley]

Comments

An eye and respiratory tract irritant; May cause damage to lungs, liver, and kidneys; [HSDB] Cadmium compounds are potential carcinogens that are toxic to the kidneys, bone, and respiratory tract. [ICSC] An irritant; May be absorbed through skin; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction )

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: