Agent Name

Cadmium, bis(diethyldithiocarbamato)-

CAS Number

14239-68-0

Formula

C10-H20-Cd-N2-S4

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

Bis(diethyldithiocarbamato)cadmium; Cadmate; Cadmium bis(N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate); Cadmium bis(diethyldithiocarbamate); Cadmium di(diethyldithiocarbamate); Cadmium diethyl dithiocarbamate; Cadmium diethyldithiocarbamate; Carbamic acid, diethyldithio-, cadmium salt; Cd diethyldithiocarbamate; Diethyldithiocarbamic acid, cadmium salt; Hoernesite; Natural roesslerite; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Dithiocarbamates (Rubber)

Description

White to cream-colored solid; Insoluble in water; [HSDB] Powder; Slightly soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as an accelerator for butyl rubber, natural rubbers, ethylene-propylene diene monomers, and styrene-butadiene rubber; [HSDB]

Comments

An irritant; [MSDSonline] Several of the dialkyldithiocarbamates are known skin sensitizers; See "Carba mix." See "Cadmium" and the linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compounds."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: