Agent Name

Cadmium bromide

CAS Number

7789-42-6

Formula

Br2-Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium bromide dimer; Cadmium dibromide; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Pearly solid; Highly hygroscopic; Soluble in water; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in photography, process engraving, and lithography; [Merck Index]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause burns; [HSDB] An irritant; Harmful by ingestion and inhalation; [MSDSonline] See "Bromine." See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: