Agent Name

Cadmium bromide

CAS Number

7789-42-6

Formula

Br2-Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium bromide dimer; Cadmium dibromide; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Pearly solid; Highly hygroscopic; Soluble in water; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in photography, process engraving, and lithography; [Merck Index]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause burns; [HSDB] An irritant; Harmful by ingestion and inhalation; [MSDSonline] See $Bromine.$ See $Cadmium$ and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; $Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected.$ [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for $Cadmium compound.$

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: