Agent Name

Cadmium carbonate

CAS Number

513-78-0

Formula

C-O3.Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium carbonate (CdCO3); Cadmium monocarbonate; Carbonic acid, cadmium salt; Carbonic acid, cadmium salt (1:1); Carbonic acid, cadmium(2+) salt (1:1); Chemcarb (CdCO3); Kalcit; Mikrokalcit; Otavite; Supermikrokalcit; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; [Hawley] White odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Naturally occurring as the mineral otavite; [Merck Index] Used to make cadmium pigments and other cadmium compounds; [Ullmann]

Comments

An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 203mg/m3/2h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: