Agent Name

Cadmium chloride

CAS Number

10108-64-2

Formula

Cd-Cl2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Caddy; Cadmium dichloride; Dichlorocadmium; Kadmiumchlorid [German]; VI-Cad; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Hygroscopic solid; [Merck Index] White odorless powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in photography; textile dyeing, galvanoplasty, mirror manufacturing, lubricants; fungicides, pyrotechnics, and electroplating; [Merck Index] Used in tinning solution and to make cadmium sulfide (cadmium yellow); [Hawley]

Comments

A severe skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; Inhalation may effects on the kidneys and lungs; [ICSC] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Restricted

No longer used as fungicide in the US; EPA cancelled status; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Lethal Concentration

LC90 (dogs) = 420 mg/m3/30min

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: