Agent Name

Cadmium nitrate

CAS Number

10325-94-7

Formula

N2-O6.Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium dinitrate; Cadmium(II) nitrate; Nitric acid, cadmium salt; [ChemIDplus] UN3087

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

White solid; [HSDB] White odorless crystals; [MSDSonline] There are 3 hydrates that form at temperatures <56 deg C; [Ullmann]

Sources/Uses

Used in photographic emulsions, nuclear reactors to control rate of nuclear fission, and glass and ceramic colorants; [HSDB] Used in storage batteries and to make red lusters in glass and porcelain; [Ullmann]

Comments

See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Oxidizing solid, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: