Agent Name

Cadmium stearate

CAS Number

2223-93-0

Formula

C36-H70-O4.Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Alaixol 11; Cadmium distearate; Cadmium octadecanoate; Cadmium soaps (stearate); Cadmium(II) stearate; Kadmiumstearat [German]; Octadecanoic acid, cadmium salt; SCD; Stabilisator SCD; Stabilizer SCD; Stearic acid, cadmium salt; [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Solid; [CAMEO] White powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as lubricant and heat stabilizer in PVC plastics; [HSDB] Metallic soaps such as cadmium stearate are used as thickeners, lubricants, release agents, and drying agents; [Ullmann]

Comments

May cause irritation; Inhalation or ingestion may cause cadmium poisoning; [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 130 mg/m3/2h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compounds."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: