Agent Name

Cadmium sulfate

CAS Number

10124-36-4

Formula

O4-S.Cd

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cadmium monosulfate; Cadmium sulfate (1:1); Cadmium sulfuricum; Cadmium sulphate; Sulfuric acid, cadmium salt (1:1); Sulphuric acid, cadmium salt (1:1); [ChemIDplus] UN2570

Category

Cadmium Compounds, Inorganic

Description

Colorless solid; [Hawley] White solid; [ICSC] White crystalline solid, hygroscopic and soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in electrodeposition (cadmium, copper, and nickel), phosphors, catalysts, nematocides, fungicides, bactericides, lubricants, and Weston cell electrolytes; [Merck Index] Used in pigments and electroplating; [Hawley] Used as an accelerator in cement formation; [HSDB]

Comments

A respiratory tract irritant; "The substance may have effects on the kidneys and bones, resulting in kidney impairment and osteoporosis."; [ICSC] An irritant; Oral LD50 (rat) = 280 mg/kg; Cadmium compounds are potential carcinogens that are toxic to the kidneys, liver, and respiratory tract. [MSDSonline] See "Cadmium" and the linked diseases.

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Cd in urine = 5 ug/g creatinine; Cd in blood = 5 ug/L; sampling time not critical; "Monitoring in blood should be preferred during the initial year of exposure and whenever changes in the degree of exposure are suspected." [ACGIH]

Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.01 mg/m3, as Cd ( 0.002 mg/m3, as Cd, respirable fraction)

PEL (OSHA)

0.005 mg/m3, as Cd, see 29 CFR 1910.1027

IDLH (NIOSH)

9 mg/m3, as Cd

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Cadmium compound."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: