Agent Name

Camphene

CAS Number

79-92-5

Formula

C10-H16

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

2,2-Dimethyl-3-methylenebicyclo(2.2.1)heptane; 2,2-Dimethyl-3-methylenenorbornane; 3,3-Dimethyl-2-methylenenorbornane; 3,3-Dimethyl-2-methylenenorcamphene; Bicyclo(2.2.1)heptane, 2,2-dimethyl-3-methylene-; [ChemIDplus] UN1325

Category

Wood Dusts & Extracts

Description

Colorless solid; Insoluble in water; [Hawley] White solid; Insoluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Occurs in many essential oils; [Merck Index] Used as a food additive, flavoring agent, chemical intermediate, camphor substitute, mothproofing tablet, feedstock for polymerized terpene resins, fragrance, and plasticizer for resins and lacquers; [HSDB]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Camphor"; Camphor is a CNS stimulant; After ingestion, it may cause nausea, vomiting, liver injury, and seizures; Severe toxicity occurs with doses >30 mg/kg; [HSDB] An eye irritant; [ICSC] A skin, eye, nose, and throat irritant; [CAMEO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies include fatty liver degeneration; [MSDSonline] See "Camphor."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.5 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 17,100 mg/m3/4h

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable solid, organic, n.o.s." Flash point = 26 deg C; [ICSC]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

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