Agent Name

Tin and inorganic compounds

CAS Number

7440-31-5; varies

Formula

Sn, varies

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Metallic tin; Tin flake; Tin metal; Tin powder; Tin compounds; [NIOSH]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Gray to almost silver-white, ductile, malleable, lustrous solid; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used in solders, protective coatings, and alloys; [ACGIH]

Comments

A case of occupational allergic contact dermatitis was reported in a worker exposed to tin dust while producing patterns for body parts for trucks. [Occupational allergic contact dermatitis in a patient with a positive patch test to tin. Contact Dermatitis. Nielsen NH, et al. 1998 Aug;39(2):99-100. No abstract available.] Tin can be a contact sensitizer; however, there are very few reports of adverse effects from skin contact. [Sullivan, p. 333] See "Tin(IV) oxide."

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Sn

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

No data on acute inhalation toxicity are available on which to base the IDLH. The chosen IDLH is based on the dog intravenous LDLO of 20 mg/kg for stannous chloride . . .

Explanatory Notes

Melting point = 449 degrees F, for Sn

Half Life

No reports found; [TDR, p. 1136]

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Tin

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: