Agent Name

Carbadox

CAS Number

6804-07-5

Formula

C11-H10-N4-O4

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

2-Formylquinoxaline 1,4-dioxide carbomethoxyhydrazone; 3-(2-Chinoxalinylmethylen-1,4-dioxid)methylkarbazat [Czech]; Carbadoxum [INN-Latin]; Fortigro; GS 6244; Getroxel; Hydrazinecarboxylic acid (2-quinoxalinylmethylene)-, methyl ester N(sup 1),N(sup 4)-dioxide; Karbadox [Czech]; Mecadox; Methyl 3-(2-quinoxalinylmethylene)carbazate N(sup 1),N(sup 4)-dioxide; Methyl 3-(2-quinoxalinylmethylene)carbazate-N1,N4-dioxide; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Animal Feed Additives

Description

Yellow solid; Practically insoluble in water; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as a veterinary antimicrobial agent and a feed additive for growth promotion of swine; [HSDB] Has been used to treat swine with dysentery, but prohibited in UK after reports of carcinogenicity; [Drug Information Portal]

Comments

May cause photosensitization; [ICSC] Nalidixic acid and ciproflaxacin are similar antibiotics known to cause photosensitivity after ingestion (not occupational). [Marks, p. 203] May induce photoallergic skin reactions in stockmen; Weaned pigs fed 50-100 mg/kg carbadox medicated food for 5-10 weeks had weight loss and histological changes in the adrenal glands; In feeding studies of pregnant rats at doses of 100 mg/kg, caused embryo-lethal and teratogenic effects; [HSDB] May cause irritation; Targets the liver; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

6.2E-10 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Contact Dermatitis, Photoallergic

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: