Agent Name

n-Butyl chloride

Alternative Name

1-Chlorobutane

CAS Number

109-69-3

Formula

C4-H9-Cl

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Chlorobutane; Butane, 1-chloro-; Butyl chloride; Chlorure de butyle [French]; N-Butyl chloride; N-Propylcarbinyl chloride; NBC wormer; Sure Shot; n-Propylcarbinyl chloride; Chlorobutane, 1-; n-Chlorobutane; [ChemIDplus] UN1127

Category

Chlorinated Aliphatics

Description

Colorless liquid; [Hawley]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent, intermediate, and veterinary anthelmintic; [HSDB]

Comments

Dangerous fire risk; [Hawley] Reacts slowly with water evolving hydrochloric acid; A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; "The substance may cause effects on the nervous system." [ICSC] A skin and eye irritant; [HSDB] A mild skin and eye irritant based on animal studies; [CHEMINFO] An irritant; Effects in high-dose animal studies (subacute and chronic) include convulsions or effect on seizure threshold; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

80.1 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.93 ppm

Odor Threshold High

1.64 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 8,000 ppm/4h

Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: