Agent Name

Chlorobenzilate

CAS Number

510-15-6

Formula

C16-H14-Cl2-O3

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

4,4'-Dichlorbenzilsaeureaethylester [German]; 4,4'-Dichlorobenzilic acid ethyl ester; 4-Chloro-alpha-(4-chlorophenyl)-alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid ethyl ester; Acar; Acaraben; Acaraben 4E; Akar; Akar 338; Akar 50; Benz-O-chlor; Benzeneacetic acid, 4-chloro-alpha-(4-chlorophenyl)-alpha-hydroxy-, ethyl ester; Benzilan; Benzilic acid, 4,4'-dichloro-, ethyl ester; Chlorbenzilat; Chlorbenzilate; Chlorbenzylate; Chlorobenzylate; Compound 338; Ethyl 2-hydroxy-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)acetate; Ethyl 2-hydroxy-2,2-di(p-chlorophenyl)acetate; Ethyl 4,4'-dichlorobenzilate; Ethyl 4,4'-dichlorodiphenyl glycollate; Ethyl 4,4'-dichlorophenyl glycollate; Ethyl 4-chloro-alpha-(4-chlorophenyl)-alpha-hydroxybenzeneacetate; Ethyl di(p-chlorophenyl)glycollate; Ethyl ester of 4,4'-dichlorobenzilic acid; Ethyl p,p'-dichlorobenzilate; Ethyl-2-hydroxy-2,2-bis(4-chlorophenyl)acetate; Ethyl-4,4'-dichlorobenzilate; Ethyldichlorobenzilate; Ethylester kyseliny 4,4-dichlorbenzilove [Czech]; Folbex; Folbex smoke-strips; G 23992; G 338; Geigy 338; Kop-mite; [ChemIDplus] UN3077

Category

Organochlorine Pesticides

Description

Commercial product is a yellow to brownish liquid; Colorless solid in pure form; [HSDB] Colorless crystalline solid; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in the past as an acaricide for control of mites on citrus, cotton, ornamentals, nuts, and vegetables; Was also used as a synergist for DDT; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations may cause CNS effects; [ICSC] In one poisoning case, a worker spraying chlorobenzilate in a field for 14 days at 10 hours per day developed muscle pains, fever, and convulsions followed by complete recovery within 6 days. [HSDB] A skin and eye irritant; May cause eye, liver, and kidney injury; [MSDSonline]

Restricted

Not registered for current use in the US; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.2E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Other Poison

Organochlorine Pesticide

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: