Agent Name

n-Propyl chloroformate

CAS Number

109-61-5

Formula

C4-H7-Cl-O2

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

Carbonochloridic acid, propyl ester; Formic acid, chloro-, propyl ester; Propyl chlorocarbonate; Propyl chloroformate; [ChemIDplus] UN2740

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Colorless liquid; Gradually decomposed by water; [Merck Index] Reacts with water evolving heat and hydrochloric acid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in organic synthesis; [CAMEO] Used as a military poison gas (lachrymator); [Hawley] Used as a reactive intermediate to polymerization initiators and other chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation can cause pulmonary edema; [ICSC] A strong eye and mucous membrane irritant; [HSDB] See "CHLOROFORMATES."

Exposure Assessment
TIH

Yes

Vapor Pressure

20 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mice) = 319 ppm/1h

Adverse Effects
Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: