Agent Name

Cicutoxin

CAS Number

505-75-9

Formula

C17-H22-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

trans-Heptadeca-8,10,12-triene-4,6-diyne-1,14-diol; 8,10,12-Heptadecatriene-4,6-diyne-1,14-diol, (E,E,E)-(-)-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Toxins

Description

Solid; Turns into yellow oily resin by air and light; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Principle toxin of the water hemlock; [Merck Index]

Comments

Emergency treatment: "Plants- stimulants"; [HSDB] Cicutoxin from the water hemlock (Cicuta maculata) causes seizures in poisoning cases. [Olson, p. 341] The Cicuta species closely resemble edible plants in the carrot or parsley family. The toxin is concentrated in the roots. A small piece of the root may be fatal. The toxin causes central cholinergic stimulation. [Ford, p. 916] Oral LD50 (cat) = 7 mg/kg; [RTECS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.34E-8 mm Hg

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.