Agent Name

Copper(II) chloride

Alternative Name

Cupric chloride

CAS Number

7447-39-4

Formula

Cl2-Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cupric chloride anhydrous; Copper bichloride; Copper chloride (CuCl2); Copper chloride (VAN); Copper dichloride; Copper(2+) chloride; Copper(2+)chloride; Cupric chloride in plastic container; Cupric dichloride; [ChemIDplus] UN2802

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Yellow to brown deliquescent solid; Forms dihydrate in moist air; Soluble in water; [Merck Index] Yellow-brown powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used as a catalyst, deodorizing and desulfurizing agent (petroleum industry), mordant (textiles industry), oxidizing agent (aniline dyestuffs); Also used in inks, metallurgy (refining copper, silver, and gold), tinting baths (iron and tin), electrotyping baths (plating copper or aluminum), photography (fixer), pyrotechnics, pigments for glass and ceramics, feed additives, wood preservatives, disinfectants, fungicides, and water purification; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and mucous membrane irritant; [Merck Index] A skin and eye irritant; Solid can cause severe injury to surface of eyes; [CAMEO] Contact with solid causes eye injury and skin irritation; [CHRIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes; [MSDSonline] See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: