Agent Name

Copper(II) nitrate

Alternative Name

Cupric nitrate

CAS Number

3251-23-8

Formula

N2-O6.Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Cupric nitrate; Claycop; Copper dinitrate; Copper(2+) nitrate; Cupric dinitrate; Nitric acid, copper(2+) salt; Copper nitrate; [ChemIDplus] UN1477

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Blue-green deliquescent solid; Soluble in water; [Merck Index] Blue deliquescent crystals; Soluble in water; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used in light sensitive reproductive papers, nickel plating baths, pesticides (wood preservatives, fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides), pyrotechnic compositions, aluminum brighteners, solid rocket fuel catalysts, paints/varnishes, drugs, flotation of cinnabar, cancer treatment, electrolysis and electroplating, and electronics; Also used as a ceramic color, a mordant and oxidant in textile dyeing and printing, a metal coloring reagent (burnishing iron, giving a black "antique" finish to copper, and coloring zinc brown), a nitrating agent for aromatic organosilicon compounds, an organic catalyst, a drilling mud dispersant, and a corrosion inhibitor; [HSDB]

Comments

An oxidizer which may violently combust or explode on contact with organic materials; [Hawley] A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; May cause serious damage to eyes; [HSDB] Contact with solid causes eye burns and skin irritation; [CHRIS] A corrosive substance that can cause injury to the skin, eyes, and respiratory tract; Inhalation may cause chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema; May cause skin sensitization; [MSDSonline] See "NITRATES and NITRITES." See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3, respirable fraction (Cu, inorganic cmpnds)

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Nitrates, inorganic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: