Agent Name

Copper sulfate (anhydrous)

Alternative Name

Cupric sulfate

CAS Number

7758-98-7

Formula

O4-S.Cu

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

All Clear Root Destroyer; Aqua Maid Permanent Algaecide; Aquatronics Snail-A-Cide Dri-Pac Snail Powder; BCS copper fungicide; Blue Copper; Blue Copper (VAN); Blue stone; Blue vitriol; Bonide Root Destroyer; Copper (II) sulfate (1:1); Copper Sulfate Powder; Copper monosulfate; Copper sulfate; Copper sulfate (1:1); Copper sulfate (CuSO4); Copper(2+) sulfate; Copper(2+) sulfate (1:1); Cupric sulfate anhydrous; Cupric sulphate; Delcup; Granular Crystals Copper Sulfate; Hylinec; Incracide 10A; Incracide E 51; Kupfersulfat [German]; MAC 570; Monocopper sulfate; Phelps Triangle Brand Copper Sulfate; Roman vitriol; Sa-50 Brand Copper Sulfate Granular Crystals; Snow Crystal Copper Sulfate; Sulfate de cuivre [French]; Sulfuric acid, copper(2+) salt (1:1); Tobacco States Brand Copper Sulfate; Trinagle; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Grayish-white to greenish-white solid; Hygroscopic; Soluble in water; [Merck Index] White odorless crystalline solid; Soluble in water (316 g/L at 20 deg C); [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Used to detect and remove trace amounts of water from alcohols and other organic compounds; Also used as a pesticide (fungicide, molluscicide, bacteriostat, herbicide, and algaecide), a micronutrient additive for fertilizer and animal feed, a froth flotation agent, a component of electroplating solutions, a component of chromated copper arsenate, an agent for leather tanning and hide preservation, a titration reagent, an antidote for white phosphorus poisoning, formerly an emetic (discontinued due to toxicity), and a veterinary drug (nutritional factor, astringent antiseptic, and fungicidal agent); [HSDB]

Comments

A strong irritant; [Merck Index] A severe skin and eye irritant; A respiratory tract irritant; Can cause copper poisoning after ingestion; [ICSC] Interferes with embryo development in high-dose animal studies; [REPROTOX] An irritant; [MSDSonline] See "Copper sulfate." See "Copper."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

PEL (OSHA)

1 mg/m3, as Cu

MAK

0.01 mg/m3

IDLH (NIOSH)

100 mg/m3, as Cu

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

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