Agent Name

Diethanolamine

CAS Number

111-42-2

Formula

C4-H11-N-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2,2'-Dihydroxydiethylamine; 2,2'-Iminobisethanol; 2,2'-Iminodi-1-ethanol; 2,2'-Iminodiethanol; 2-(2-Hydroxyethylamino)ethanol; Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; DEA; Dabco DEOA-LF; Di(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; Di(beta-hydroxyethyl)amine; Diaethanolamin [German]; Diethanolamin [Czech]; Diethanolamine; Diethylamine, 2,2'-dihydroxy-; Diethylolamine; Diolamine; Diolamine (VAN); Iminodiethanol; N,N'-Iminodiethanol; N,N-Bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Di(hydroxyethyl)amine; N,N-Diethanolamine; Niax DEOA-LF; [ChemIDplus] UN8027; UN3082

Category

Ethanolamines

Description

Colorless crystals or a syrupy, white liquid (above 82 degrees F) with a mild, ammonia-like odor; [NIOSH] Deliquescent; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a detergent in paints, cutting oils, and cleaners; also used to make resins and plasticizers; [ACGIH] Used in metalworking fluids for cutting, stamping, and die-casting operations; [HSDB] Used in photography (color developing baths); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

Liquid causes first degree burns on short exposure; [CHRIS] Diethanolamine is a skin irritant. [Quick CPC] Cases of occupational asthma have been reported. [Reference #1] May cause kidney and liver injury; [ICSC] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK]

Reference Link

Diethanolamine-induced occupational asthma, a case report

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

1 mg/m3(inhalable fraction and vapor)

MAK

1 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

Vapor Pressure

0.00028 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 279 deg F;

Reference Link

ICSC: Diethanolamine

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: