Agent Name

Curcumin

CAS Number

458-37-7

Formula

C21-H20-O6

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Natural Yellow 3; 1,5-Di(vanillyliden)acetylaceton; 1,5-Divanillyliden-2,4-pentandion; 1,6-Heptadiene-3,5-dione, 1,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-; 1,7-Bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione; C.I. 75300; C.I. Natural Yellow 3; CI 75300; CI Natural Yellow 3; Curcuma; Curcumin I; Diferaloylmethane; Diferuloylmethane; E 100; Gelbwurz; Golden seal; Haidr; Halad; Haldar; Halud; Hydrastis; Indian Saffron; Indian Turmeric; Kacha Haldi; Kurkumin [Czech]; Merita Earth; Orange Root; Safran d'Inde; Souchet; Terra Merita; Turmeric; Turmeric Yellow; Yellow Ginger; Yellow puccoon; Yellow Root; Yo-Kin; Zlut prirodni 3 [Czech]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Plant Oils and Extracts

Description

Orange-yellow solid; [Merck Index] Orange-yellow powder; [MSDSonline]

Sources/Uses

Natural dye from the root of Curcuma longa; [Merck Index] Used for preparing curcuma paper, detecting boron, dyeing and flavoring food, dyeing fabrics (cotton, wool, and silk), and coloring oils and waxes; Also used as a biological stain and acid-base indicator; [HSDB] Thought to be the most bio-active component in tumeric; [REPROTOX]

Comments

"This compound is an allergen and local irritant." [CAMEO] Curcumin is not a reproductive toxin in mice; [REPROTOX] Allowable daily intake = 0-3 mg/kg bw; [JECFA] An irritant; May be harmful if swallowed; [Aldrich MSDS]

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